Population Dynamics and Family Change

Scientists in the SPE program conduct research on all population dynamics, including fertility, mortality, migration, and many different dimensions of family change, including marriage, childbearing, divorce, cohabitation, sexuality, family planning, health and wellbeing.

Key Projects

Understanding the Connections among Genes, Environment, Family Processes, and Mental Health
R56 MH110872.   NIH/NIMH.   2016-2017.   $819,442.
Key Personnel: William G. Axinn, Co-PI, Dirgha J. Ghimire, Co-I, Colter Mitchell, Co-I.

Female Labor Force Participation and Child Outcomes
R03 HD086301.   NIH/NICHD.   2016-2018.   $171,627.
Key Personnel: Dirgha J. Ghimire, Co-PI.

Family Migration Context and Early Life Outcomes
P01 HD080659.   NIH/NICHD.   2015-2016.   $1,011,959.
Key Personnel: Dirgha J. Ghimire, PI.

National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG)
200-2010-33976.   CDC.   2010-2020.   $40,058,256.
Key Personnel: William G. Axinn, Deputy Project Director, William Connett, Director of Data Processing, Nicole Kirgis, Field Director, Mick P. Couper, Project Director, James Wagner, Senior Statistician.

Marital Processes, Husband-Wife Relationships, and Fertility Behaviors
R03 HD055976.   NIH/NICHD.   2009-2011.   $154,500.
Key Personnel: Dirgha J. Ghimire, PI, William G. Axinn, Co-I.

Ideational Influences on Marriage and Childbearing
R01 HD054847.   NIH/NICHD.   2008-2014.   $2,925,229.
Key Personnel: Arland Thornton, PI, Dirgha J. Ghimire, Co-I, Jennifer S. Barber, Co-I, William G. Axinn, Co-I.

Intergenerational Influences on Family Formation in a Changing Social Context
R01 HD032912.   NIH/NICHD.   2007-2013.   $2,501,948.
Key Personnel: William G. Axinn, PI, Dirgha J. Ghimire, Co-I.

Key Recent Publications

  1. Ghimire, Dirgha J. 2015. "Wives' and Husbands' Nonfamily Experiences and First-Birth Timing." International Journal of Sociology 45(1):4-23. DOI. PMC4587386.
  2. Ghimire, Dirgha J., William G. Axinn, and Emily Smith-Greenaway. 2015. "Impact of the Spread of Mass Education on Married Women's Experience with Domestic Violence." Social Science Research 54:319-331. DOI. PMC4607934.
  3. Compernolle, Ellen (Nell). 2015. "Changing Attitudes Toward Care of Aging Parents: The Influence of Education, International Travel, and Gender." International Journal of Sociology 45(1):64-83. DOI. PMC4389642.
  4. Axinn, William G. 2015. "Demographic Change: The Case of Chitwan Valley in Nepal." International Journal of Sociology 45(1):1-3. DOI.
  5. Jennings, Elyse A. 2014. "Marital Discord and Subsequent Dissolution: Perceptions of Nepalese Wives and Husbands." Journal of Marriage and Family 76(3):476-488. DOI. PMC4251804.
  6. Allendorf, Keera, and Dirgha J. Ghimire. 2013. "Determinants of Marital Quality in an Arranged Marriage Society." Social Science Research 42(1):59-70. DOI. PMC3711098.
  7. Bhandari, Prem B., and Dirgha J. Ghimire. 2013. "Rural Agricultural Change and Fertility Transition in Nepal." Rural Sociology 78(2):229-252. DOI. PMC3667159.
  8. Ghimire, Dirgha J., and William G. Axinn. 2013. "Marital Processes, Arranged Marriage, and Contraception to Limit Fertility." Demography 50:1663-1686. DOI. PMC3786027.
  9. Brauner-Otto, Sarah R. 2013. "Attitudes about Children and Fertility Limitation Behavior." Population Research and Policy Review 32(1):1-24. DOI. PMC3671613.
  10. Bhandari, Prem B. 2013. "Rural Livelihood Change? Household Capital, Community Resources and Livelihood Transition." Rural Studies 32:126-136. DOI. PMC3772533.
  11. Jennings, Elyse A., and Jennifer S. Barber. 2013. "The Influence of Neighbors' Family Size Preference on Progression to High Parity Births in Rural Nepal." Studies in Family Planning 44(1):67-84. DOI. PMC3621985.
  12. Williams, Nathalie E., Dirgha J. Ghimire, William G. Axinn, Elyse A. Jennings, and Meeta S. Pradhan. 2012. "A Micro-Level Event-Centered Approach to Investigating Armed Conflict and Population Responses." Demography 49(4):1521-1546. DOI. PMC3495997.
  13. Jennings, Elyse A., William G. Axinn, and Dirgha J. Ghimire. 2012. "The Effect of Parents' Attitudes on Sons' Marriage Timing." American Sociological Review 77(6):923-945. DOI. PMC3590910.
  14. Thornton, Arland, Georgina Binstock, Kathryn M. Yount, Mohammad Jalal Abbasi-Shavazi, Dirgha J. Ghimire, and Yu Xie. 2012. "International Fertility Change: New Data and Insights from the Developmental Idealism Framework." Demography 49(2):677-698. DOI. PMC3328099.
  15. Axinn, William G., and Dirgha J. Ghimire. 2011. "Social Organization, Population, and Land Use." American Journal of Sociology 117(1):209-258. DOI. PMC3162250.
  16. Williams, Nathalie E., Arland Thornton, Dirgha J. Ghimire, and Linda Young-DeMarco. 2011. "Nepali Migrants to the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries: Values, Behaviors, and Plans." Pp. 155-185 in Migrant Labour in the Persian Gulf, edited by M. Kamrava and Z. Babar. New York: Columbia University Press.
  17. Massey, Douglas S., Nathalie E. Williams, William G. Axinn, and Dirgha J. Ghimire. 2010. "Community Services and Out-Migration." International Migration 48(3):1-41. DOI. PMC3146299.
  18. Axinn, William G., Dirgha J. Ghimire, and Jennifer S. Barber. 2008. "The Influence of Ideational Dimensions of Social Change on Family Formation in Nepal." Pp. 251-280 in International Family Change: Ideational Perspectives, edited by R. Jayakody, A. Thornton, and W.G. Axinn. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  19. Thornton, Arland, Georgina Binstock, and Dirgha J. Ghimire. 2008. "International Dissemination of Ideas about Development and Family Change." Pp. 19-44 in International Family Change: Ideational Perspectives, edited by R. Jayakody, A. Thornton, and W.G. Axinn. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  20. Brauner-Otto, Sarah R., William G. Axinn, and Dirgha J. Ghimire. 2007. "The Spread of Health Services and Fertility Transition." Demography 44(4):747-770. DOI.
  21. Ghimire, Dirgha J., and William G. Axinn. 2006. "Family Change in Nepal: Evidence from Western Chitwan." Contributions to Nepalese Studies 33(2):177-201.
  22. Ghimire, Dirgha J., William G. Axinn, Scott T. Yabiku, and Arland Thornton. 2006. "Social Change, Premarital Nonfamily Experience, and Spouse Choice in an Arranged Marriage Society." American Journal of Sociology 111(4):1181-1218. DOI.
  23. Ghimire, Dirgha J., and Paul Mohai. 2005. "Environmentalism and Contraceptive Use: How People in Less Developed Settings Approach Environmental Issues." Population and Environment 27(1):29-61. DOI.
  24. Barber, Jennifer S., and William G. Axinn. 2004. "New Ideas and Fertility Limitation: The Role of Mass Media." Journal of Marriage and Family 66:1180-1200. DOI.
  25. Bhandari, Prem B. 2004. "Relative Deprivation and Migration in an Agricultural Setting of Nepal." Population and Environment 25(5):475-499. DOI.
  26. Hoelter, Lynette F., William G. Axinn, and Dirgha J. Ghimire. 2004. "Social Change, Premarital Non-Family Experiences, and Marital Dynamics." Journal of Marriage and Family 66:1131-1151. DOI.
  27. Barber, Jennifer S., Lisa D. Pearce, Indra Chaudhary, and Susan Gurung. 2002. "Voluntary Associations and Fertility Limitation." Social Forces 80(4):1369-1401. DOI.
  28. Axinn, William G., and Jennifer S. Barber. 2001. "Mass Education and Fertility Transition." American Sociological Review 66(4):481-505.
  29. Pienta, Amy Mehraban, Jennifer S. Barber, and William G. Axinn. 2001. "Social Change and Adult Children's Attitudes toward Support of Elderly Parents: Evidence from Nepal." Hallym International Journal of Aging 3(2):211-235.